The plot is tightly constructed, the characters sharply etched and equipped with a wide range of human emotions. When Claudius arrives at Poppaea's house she denounces what she believes is Otho's treachery. Agrippina (opera) 3-act opera seria by G. F. Händel with libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani about Agrippina, the mother of Nero, who plots the downfall of Claudius to install Nero as emperor; premiered in Venice at the Teatro San Giovanni Grisostomo on 26 Dec. 1709. There were occasional productions in the years following its premiere but Handel's operas, including Agrippina, fell out of fashion in the mid-18th century. Met titles In. George Frideric Handel. Synopsis: Agrippina Select a language to update the synopsis text. Agrippina (libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani. The date of Agrippina's first performance, about which there was at one time some uncertainty, has been confirmed by a manuscript newsletter as 26 December 1709.  The overture, which is a French-style two-part work with a "thrilling" allegro, and all but five of the vocal numbers, are based on earlier works, though subject in many cases to significant adaptation and reworking. She then claims that her efforts to secure the throne for Nero had all along been a ruse to safeguard the throne for Claudius ("Se vuoi pace").  Some of the later revivals used countertenors in the roles written for castrati.  He then summons the goddess Juno, who descends to pronounce a general blessing ("V'accendano le tede i raggi delle stelle"). The opera was composed for the carnival season of 1709-10 in Venice and tells the story of Agrippina, Nero's mother, who plans to overthrow Roman emperor Claudius and insert her son into his place. Composed for the 1709–10 Venice Carnevale season, the opera tells the story of Agrippina, the mother of Nero, as she plots the downfall of … Privacy | For the most part the arias are brief, there are only two short ensembles, and in the quartet and the trio the voices are not heard together. Search | , Between 1713 and 1724 there were productions of Agrippina in Naples, Hamburg, and Vienna, although Handel himself never revived the opera after its initial run. He convinces Poppaea that Agrippina has deceived her. PALLAS I fear to … AGRIPPINA Do not be afraid. Agrippina was Handel’s second, and final opera written during his time in Italy. Modern critical opinion is that Agrippina is Handel's first operatic masterpiece, full of freshness and musical invention which have made it one of the most popular operas of the ongoing Handel revival.  Echoes of "Ti vo' giusta" (one of the few arias composed specifically for Agrippina) can be found in the air "He was despised", from Handel's Messiah (1742).  This practice of adapting and borrowing was common at the time but is carried to greater lengths in Agrippina than in almost all of Handel's other major dramatic works. Agrippina was Handel's sixth opera and the last he premiered in Italy. During his years in Italy, Handel absorbed the music of his contemporaries and mastered new stylistic trends. Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel, from a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani. 5 George Frideric Handel (1685–1759) Programme note Agrippina, HWV6 (1709) An opera in three acts, based on a libretto by Vincenzo Grimani Apostolo Zeno and soon Vincenzo was turning his own hand to writing opera librettos. Agrippina : drama per musica : dá rappresentarsi nel Teatro d'Hamburgo l'anno 1718 = Agrippina : in einer Opera vorgestellet auf dem Hamburgischen Theatro Anno 1718.  Contrasts between the force of the libretto and the emotional colour of the actual music would develop into a constant feature of Handel's later London operas.. Composed for the 1709-10 Venice Carnevale season, the opera tells the story of Agrippina, … Arias | Composed for the 1709–10 Venice Carnevale season, the opera tells the story of Agrippina, the mother of Nero, as she plots the downfall of the Roman Emperor Claudiusand the installation of her son as emperor. © Opera-Arias.com 2011-2019. Handel composed Agrippina at the end of a three-year sojourn in Italy.  According to the critic Donald Jay Grout, "irony, deception and intrigue pervade the humorous escapades of its well-defined characters". Handel’s music is bursting with originality and fun, as well as carefully considered moments of eye-watering beauty.  It was not particularly successful, but was part of Handel's process of learning to compose opera in the Italian style and to set Italian words to music.  The freedmen Pallas and Narcissus are self-serving and salacious. Much like its anti-hero Nerone by the end of the opera, Handel’s satirical game of thrones Agrippina is enjoying its day in the sun at the moment, with the work’s Metropolitan Opera … Libretto. This production runs: Saturday, Feb 29.  All the main characters, with the sole exception of Claudius's servant Lesbus, are historical, and the broad outline of the libretto draws heavily upon Tacitus's Annals and Suetonius' Life of Claudius. Some analysts believe that it reflects Grimani's political and diplomatic rivalry with Pope Clement XI. Buy tickets for Agrippina live in the opera house here.  The historically informed performance movement inspired two period instrument productions of Agrippina in 1985 and 1991 respectively.  Grimani avoids the "moralizing" tone of the later opera seria libretti written by such acknowledged masters as Metastasio and Zeno. Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani.Composed for the 1709–10 Venice Carnevale season, the opera tells the story of Agrippina… “Agrippina” is the last opera that Handel completed and premiered in Italy. Grimani's libretto, considered one of the best that Handel set, is an "anti-heroic satirical comedy", full of topical political allusions. There have been numerous productions in the 21st century. To prove her point she asks Claudius to pretend to leave, then she summons Nero who, thinking Claudius has gone, resumes his passionate wooing of Poppaea. The opera tells the story of Agrippina as she schemes to get her son, Nero, to take over the throne from the Roman Emperor Claudius. For a political comedy littered with slapstick, it’s fittingly ironic that this newest Met Opera take on Agrippina opens and bookends with morbidity: All the main players are perched on tombs bearing their names.. He points out the range of instruments used for special effects, and writes that "an examination of the score of this air would probably astonish some who think Handel's orchestration is wanting in variety". Agrippina advises Poppaea to turn the tables on Otho by telling the Emperor that Otho has ordered her to refuse Claudius's attentions.  The Agrippina overture and other arias from the opera appeared in pasticcios performed in London between 1710 and 1714, with additional music provided by other composers. PALLAS For long have t nurtured a love that devours me, but natural respect … AGRIPPINA … Sung In. , In about 1795 the British composer Samuel Arnold produced an edition based on early copies; this edition, while it contains errors and inaccuracies, has been called "probably a reasonable reflection of early performances". Three centuries on, “Agrippina” remains bracing in its bitterness, with few glimmers of hope or virtue in the cynical darkness. , In 1950 Barenreiter published Hellmuth Christian Wolff's edition, prepared for the 1943 Halle revival and reflecting the casting of basses for Otto and Narcissus, even when they sing what would otherwise be the alto part in the last chorus. Poppaea swears revenge ("Ingannata una sol volta", alternate aria "Pur punir chi m'ha ingannata") but is distracted when Nero comes forward and declares his love for her. Variants from the libretto are also noted. Le livret écrit par un aristocrate à la réputation quelque peu sulfureuse, le Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani, sinscrit dans la tradition vénitienne de la satire politique, pleine de personnages hauts en couleur, toujours confrontés à de nombreux rebondissements. She devises a plan and when Otho approaches her, she pretends to talk in her sleep recounting what Agrippina has told her earlier.  In the later 18th, and throughout the 19th centuries, Handel's operas fell into obscurity, and none were staged between 1754 and 1920. Team, Cast and Chorus. Carli evidently was able to utilise an exceptionally wide range; the part descends to C below the stave. Agrippina est le troisième opéra dun jeune compositeur de 24 ans qui fait preuve dune étonnante maturité musicale et dun sens théâtral le prédisposant déjà à simposer comme le meilleur dramaturge musical de son époque. , Grimani's libretto is full of irony, which Handel reflects in the music. , Handel then spent time in Rome, where the performance of opera was forbidden by Papal decree, and in Naples. "Handel on the London Stage". Agrippina is considered Handel's first operatic masterpiece; according to Winton Dean it has few rivals for its "sheer freshness of musical invention". Only two things are certain; Agrippina is a truly great, wonderfully theatrical opera and David McVicar, barely 40, is Britain's leading opera director of his generation. After Claudius departs, Poppaea brings Otho out of hiding and the two express their everlasting love in separate arias.. In the 20th century Agrippina was revived in Germany and premiered in Britain and America. Some analysts believe that it r… (The genre isn’t known for dark comedy.) A comprehensive study guide of George Frideric Handel's AGRIPPINA, featuring Principal Characters, Brief Story Synopsis, Story Narrative with Music Highlight Examples, Libretto with … Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel, from a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani. There was a fully staged performance at the Glimmerglass Opera in Cooperstown, New York in 2001, conducted by Harry Bicket and directed by Lillian Groag. Opera in three acts (1709) Sung in Italian Libretto Vincenzo Grimani. Claudius departs in fury, while Agrippina cynically consoles Poppaea by declaring that their friendship will never be broken by deceit ("Non ho cor che per amarti"). Haendel, Georg Friedrich  Handel's performing score is lost. At the palace, Nero tells Agrippina of his troubles and decides to renounce love for political ambition ("Come nube che fugge dal vento"). Composers | Genres | Operas | Libretti | Arias | About: Agrippina - 1709 : George Frideric Handel 1685 - 1759 : Opera seria: Serious, noble opera with formal conventions and ancient, heroic or mythological themes . Co-production with Bayerische Staatsoper (München), Royal Opera House Covent Garden (London) and Staatsoper Hamburg. Boyden, Matthew; Nick Kimberley; and Joseph Staines (2007), Brown, David J (2001), "George Frideric Handel", in, Dean, Winton (1997), "Humour with Human Commitment: Handel's. All the characters existed in history, but this libretto is a completely fictional baroque tale of …  Its original run of 27 performances was extraordinary for that time. Singers |  The first music by Handel presented in London may have been Agrippina's "Non ho cor che", transposed into Alessandro Scarlatti's opera Pirro è Dimitrio which was performed in London on 6 December 1710. About | On hearing that her husband, the Emperor Claudius, has died in a storm at sea, Agrippina plots to secure the throne for Nero, her son by a previous marriage. , Agrippina proved extremely popular and established Handel's international reputation. (The … The opera had its premiere in Venice in 1709, and was his first notable operatic success. Agrippina is married to her third husband, the Roman emperor Claudius. They were thunderstruck with the grandeur and sublimity of his style, for they had never known till then all the powers of harmony and modulation so closely arranged and forcibly combined. All combine in a triumphal chorus ("Di timpani e trombe") as Claudius enters. “Agrippina” is the last opera that Handel completed and premiered in Italy. Agrippina was the wife of the emperor Claudius, and mother, by a previous marriage, to Nero. Musical director Ottavio Dantone Stage director Barrie Kosky Decor Rebecca Ringst Costume designer Klaus Bruns Light designer Joachim Klein Dramaturgy Nikolaus … Agrippina. Handel wrote Agrippina towards the end of a prolonged stay in Italy. Handel's autograph score survives, with the Sinfonia and first recitatives missing, but it shows significant differences from the libretto, due to changes made for the first performances. 26 December 1709, Venice (Teatro San Giovanni Grisostomo) Cast. Agrippina obtains the support of her two freedmen, Pallas and Narcissus, who hail Nero as the new Emperor before the Senate. Some analysts believe that it reflects the rivalry of Grimani with Pope Clement XI. The index of Chrysander's edition (see below) lists the following numbers, excluding the secco recitatives. Reinhard Strohm wrote: The librettist of Agrippina was Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani, who was Imperial Ambassador to the Vatican before his appointment as Viceroy of Naples on 1 July 1707. For a political comedy littered with slapstick, it’s fittingly ironic that this newest Met Opera take on Agrippina opens and bookends with morbidity: All … LaRue, C. Steven (1997), "Handel and the Aria" in, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 21:18. 3 of the Hallische Händelausgabe. Agrippina: Trauerspiel (1665), a German baroque tragedy by Daniel Casper von Lohenstein; G.F. Handel's 1709 opera Agrippina with a libretto by Vincenzo Grimani; Empress of Rome (1978), a novel by Robert DeMaria (Vineyard Press edition, 2001, ISBN 1-930067-05-4) In film, television, and radio.  The Naples production included additional music by Francesco Mancini. Claudius suddenly reappears and angrily dismisses the crestfallen Nero. It is based on the 1709 version, with ballet music borrowed from Rodrigo, and contains two appendices with added and reconstructed music as well as deleted versions from the autograph.. Agrippina's aria "Non ho cor che per amarti" was taken, almost entirely unchanged, from "Se la morte non vorrà" in Handel's earlier dramatic cantata Qual ti reveggio, oh Dio (1707); Narcissus's "Spererò" is an adaptation of "Sai perchè" from another 1707 cantata, Clori, Tirsi e Fileno; and parts of Nero's aria in act 3, "Come nube che fugge dal vento", are borrowed Handel's oratorio Il trionfo del tempo (all from 1707). In this breathtaking political thriller, Handel's second composition based on a Nero story and his sixth opera, everything appears at first to be fine on the stage of power: The Roman Emperor Claudius is said to have drowned while returning from his successful campaign against the Britons.  In 1706 he traveled to Italy where he remained for three years, developing his compositional skills. Libretto List | , An edition by John E Sawyer appeared in 2013 as series II vol. Soon Nero arrives to press his love on her ("Coll'ardor del tuo bel core"), but she tricks him into hiding as well. HelN 1 I …  The opera was revised significantly before and possibly during its run. The libretto, which Ms. Ruhl skillfully distilled from her 2003 play, takes Eurydice’s point of view. GRIPPING AGRIPPINA.  Later, some of Agrippina's music was used by Handel in his London operas Rinaldo (1711) and the 1732 version of Acis and Galatea, in each case with little or no change. He was a sworn political opponent of the Pope, Clement XI, and the libretto is an open attack, half satirical and half realistic, on the Papal Court. Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel, from a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani. It ran for twenty-seven performances during the carnival season in Venice, and secured his international … The men in Agrippina are generally weak and easily manipulated, especially by means of sex. She hides Otho in her bedroom with instructions to listen carefully. Dean (1997), p. 4 c.1, Otho in "Pur ch'io ti stringa" and Poppaea with "Bel piacere"; the final versions of these arias are "No, no, ch'io non apprezzo" and "Sì Sì ch'il mio diletto", Dean, Handel Tercentenary Collection, p. 9, "Bel piacere", Poppaea's original act 3 aria, "Pushy Mother Plots to Win Her Son the Top Spot", Handel's Dark Comedy of Passion and Intrigue, "George Frideric Handel: Agrippina – libretto di Vincenzo Grimani", "George Frideric Handel: Opera Discography", "Agrippina by George Frideric Handel performed in Italian", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, George Frideric Handel: Opera Discography, Handel's dark comedy of passion and intrigue, The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular, "Irony and Borrowing in Handel's 'Agrippina'", "Young Singers Challenged and Thriving at Glimmerglass", International Music Score Library Project, Agrippina condotta a morire or Dunque sarà pur vero, The Ways of Zion Do Mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, Sing Unto God/Anthem for the Wedding of Frederick, Prince of Wales, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agrippina_(opera)&oldid=998540384, Cultural depictions of Agrippina the Younger, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Volo pronto e lieto il core" (Narcissus), "Il tuo figlio/La tua prole" (Quartet: Nero, Pallas, Narcissus, Agrippina), "Tu ben degno sei dell'allor" (Agrippina), "Fà quanto vuoi, gli schemi tuoi" (Poppaea), "E quando mai" (Trio: Poppaea, Claudius, Lesbus), "Se giunge un dispetto" (Poppaea; there are two settings), "Di timpani e trombe" (Chorus of the principals), "Sotto il lauro ch'hai sul crine" (Nero; two settings), "Ingannata una sol volta" (Poppaea) (The libretto gives "Pur punir chi m'ha ingannata" instead), "Pensieri, voi mi tormentate" (Agrippina), "Col raggio placido della speranza" (Pallas), "Basta che sol tu chieda" (Claudius) (Libretto: "Vagheggiar de tuoi bei lumi"), "Ogni vento ch'al porto la spinga" (Agrippina), "Tacerò pur che fedele" (Otho) (Libretto: "Chi ben ama" (Poppaea)), "Coll'ardor del tuo bel core" (Nero) (Libretto: "Esci, o mia vita" (Poppaea)), "Pur ch'io ti stringa al sen" (Libretto: "No, no, ch'io non apprezzo", "Bel piacere e godere fido amor" (Libretto: "Sì, sì ch'il mio diletto", "Lieto il Tebro increspi l'onda" (Chorus of the principals), "V'accendano le tede i raggi delle stelle" (Juno). He announces that his master is alive ("Allegrezza! , Handel's earliest opera compositions, in the German style, date from his Hamburg years, 1704–06, under the influence of Johann Mattheson. AGRIPPINA Speak then, reveal your thoughts. According to Hicks, writing in Grove, evidence would suggest that for some performances Durastanti was replaced by Elena Croce, a soprano who had previously sung for Scarlatti and later sang in London, though not for Handel. Or as musicologist … Poppaea now plans some deceit of her own, in an effort to divert Claudius's wrath from Otho with whom she has now reconciled. Many of the numbers are clearly humorous in tone. , Examples of recycled material include Pallas's "Col raggio placido", which is based on Lucifer's aria from La resurrezione (1708), "O voi dell'Erebo", which was itself adapted from Reinhard Keiser's 1705 opera Octavia. According to Dean (1997), Pasini was a priest. Felicity Palmer took the title role. Grimani's libretto, considered one of the best that Handel set, is an "anti-heroic satirical comedy", full of topical political allusions.  The Radio Audizioni Italiane produced a live radio broadcast of the opera on 25 October 1953, the opera's first presentation other than on stage.  In act 3, Nero's announcement that his passion is ended and that he will no longer bound by it (in "Come nube che fugge dal vento") is set to bitter-sweet music which suggests that he is deceiving himself. Agrippina - George Frideric Handel - Handel's last opera that he composed in Italy was a great success, and established his reputation as a composer of Italian opera. The libretto, which Ms. Ruhl skillfully distilled from her 2003 play, takes Eurydice’s point of view. ('Long live the beloved Saxon!') Mindazonáltal a címszereplő Agrippina erős, fondorlatos egyéniségének zenei jellemzése Händel életművében is kiemelkedő. , According to John Mainwaring, Handel's first biographer, Agrippina was composed in the three weeks following Handel's arrival in Venice in November 1709, a theory supported by the autograph manuscript's Venetian paper. Composed for the 1709–10 Venice Carnevale season, the opera tells the story of Agrippina, the mother of Nero, as she plots the downfall of the Roman Emperor Claudius and the installation of her son as emperor.  By the standards of Handel's later London operas this scoring is light, but there are nevertheless what Dean and Knapp describe as "moments of splendour when Handel applies the full concerto grosso treatment". Power Politics: a Coup de Théâtre Agrippina by George Frideric Handel, libretto by Vincenzo Grimani The Grange Festival, The Grange, Northington until 6th July A review by Mark … His settings sometimes illustrate both the surface meaning, as characters attempt to deceive each other, and the hidden truth. The three-act opera, Agrippina was composed by George Frideric Handel and premiered on December 26, 1709, at the Teatro San Giovanni Grisostomo in Venice, Italy. Terms | Tell me more - Check it later - Not interested. Operas | His wife Agrippina … , In Agrippina the da capo aria is the musical form used to illustrate character in the context of the opera. , A 1958 performance in Leipzig, and several more stagings in Germany, preceded the British première of the opera at Abingdon, Oxfordshire, in 1963. Hicks, Anthony, In modern terms, Boschi's voice was that of a. Grimani's libretto centres on Agrippina, a character who does not appear in Monteverdi's darker version. Dean and Knapp describe this, and Otho's aria which follows, as "the peak of the opera". Nero is unenthusiastic about this project, but consents to his mother's wishes ("Con saggio tuo consiglio"). Agrippina, ACT 1 .  However, when interest in Handel's operas awakened in the 20th century, Agrippina received several revivals, beginning with a 1943 production at Handel's birthplace, Halle, under conductor Richard Kraus at the Halle Opera House. In 1983 the opera returned to Venice, for a performance under Christopher Hogwood at the Teatro Malibran. Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani. 54 AC Composer. Very soon after this production, rumours were spread that Jacobs would record Agrippina. AGRIPPINA (soprano) POPPEA (soprano) NERONE (soprano or countertenor OTTONE (alto) CLAUDIO (bass) NARCISO (alto) PALLANTE (bass) LESBO (bass) GIUNONE (contralto) Place. 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