As he stated in Concerning the Spiritual in Art (see below), Kandinsky felt that an authentic artist creating art from "an internal necessity" inhabits the tip of an upward-moving pyramid. Wassily Kandinsky | 10 … Answer Save. Vsevolod passed away, when he was 3 years old. Kandinsky used original colour compositions, evoking Slavic popular art. “Kandinsky calls abstract the content that painting must express, that’s to say this invisible life that we are. There, he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the … Having a devout belief in Orthodox Christianity,[23] Kandinsky drew upon the biblical stories of Noah's Ark, Jonah and the whale, Christ's resurrection, the four horsemen of the Apocalypse in the book of Revelation, Russian folktales and the common mythological experiences of death and rebirth. The two married in 1892. He was married to Anna Chimiakina from 1892 to 1911 and Nina Andreievskaya from 1917 to 1944. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat(today Tartu, Estonia)—Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketchin… Vsevolod Mikhailovich Garshin (1855-1888). When he was five years old the family moved to Odessa, Russia. Wassily Kandinsky in Murnau am Staffelsee, The "Der Blaue Reiter" ("The Blue Rider") group, Wassily Kandinsky, working on his painting, titled "Red Spot II", Lyonel Feininger, Wassily Kandinsky, Oskar Schlemmer, Georg Muche and Paul Klee at the Bauhaus.

Play against AI, with friends and Online. They had a son named Vsevolod. What is somewhat wondrous is that he only started painting seriously after age 30, … 4. On December 13, 1944, Kandinsky died of cerebrovascular disease, common forms of which include strokes. W assily Kandinsky is well-known for incorporating geometric shapes and vibrant colours into his work, and in doing so is considered the father of abstract art. [68][69], The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum held a major retrospective of Kandinsky's work from 2009 to 2010, called Kandinsky. See more ideas about biomechanics, set design, theatre. The above of the basic plane corresponds with looseness and to lightness, while the below evokes condensation and heaviness. The composition is more planar; the painting is divided into four sections: the sky, the red tree, the yellow tree and the blue mountain with the three riders. Search all records Collection Catalog Birth, Marriage & Death Census records Family trees Newspapers Immigration records Hire a researcher. The following year, Kandinsky founded Russian Academy of Artistic Sciences and became its vice president. Written by the famous nonobjective painter, Wassily Kandinsky, it explains Kandinsky's own theory of painting and crystallizes the ideas, that were influencing many other modern artists of the period. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766041&cache=false" Edward Gorey. ""Color provokes a psychic vibration. Wassily's parents were of mixed ethnic origins. Illustrations by John Varley in Thought-Forms (1901) influenced him visually.[12]. Color hides a power still unknown, but real, which acts on every part of the human body. "The Blaue Reiter" disbanded in 1914.In Wassily's early abstract works vehement linear strokes are combined with powerful patches of color, as in "Composition V" and "With the Black Arch." A procession, with three riders and several others, crosses at the bottom. When World War I broke out, Kandinsky returned to Russia. Relying on his own unique terminology, he develops the idea of point as the "proto-element" of painting, the role of point in nature, music and other art, and the combination of point and line, that results in a unique visual language. The exhibition was repeated in the Sturm Gallery in Berlin, for which a special Kandinsky album was issued. Wassily Kandinsky was born on December 4, 1866, in Moscow, Russia. Lindsay, Kenneth and Peter Vergo. In Monet's paintings, the subject matter played a secondary role to color. He was the son of Lidia Ivanovna Tikheeva and Wassily Silvestrovich Kandinsky, a successful Moscow tea merchant. [54] The angle formed by the angular line also has an inner sonority which is warm and close to yellow for an acute angle (a triangle), cold and similar to blue for an obtuse angle (a circle), and similar to red for a right angle (a square). src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766026&cache=false" src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766037&cache=false" He sought to convey profound spirituality and the depth of human emotion through a universal visual language of abstract forms and colors, that transcended cultural and physical boundaries.Kandinsky viewed non-objective, abstract art as the ideal visual mode to express the "inner necessity" of the artist and to convey universal human emotions and ideas. He organized twenty two museums and became the director of the Museum of Pictorial Culture. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2765864&cache=false" *Yelena Sorokina. [62], The 1990 play Six Degrees of Separation refers to a "double-sided Kandinsky" painting. Münter told him that he was trapped in his intellect and not reaching the true subject of the picture. Sabine Flach. [64], The 1999 film Double Jeopardy makes numerous references to Kandinsky, and a piece of his, Sketch, figures prominently in the plot-line. He was inspired by color and believed he could convey emotions … The first three survive only in black-and-white photographs taken by fellow artist and friend Gabriele Münter. In 1930, he had another exhibition in Paris. Their first and only son, Vsevolod, was born the same year; the little boy died in 1920 during the Civil war in Russia, unable to survive undernourishment and some infectious disease. [48], In his writings, published in Munich by Verlag Albert Langen in 1926, Kandinsky analyzed the geometrical elements which make up every painting—the point and the line. [38] White is a deep, absolute silence, full of possibility. Kandinsky was born in Moscow, the son of Lidia Ticheeva and Vasily Silvestrovich Kandinsky, a tea merchant. This form can be a square, a triangle, a circle, a star or something more complex. Wassily Kandinsky (1866 – 1944) was a Russian artist who is most famous for being a pioneer of abstract art and for painting some of the earliest works in the genre including what is known as the First Abstract Watercolour.Art was deeply spiritual for Kandinsky and music was integral to many of his works. Vasiliy Vasilyevich Kandinskiy, IPA: [vɐˈsʲilʲɪj vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪtɕ kɐnʲˈdʲinskʲɪj]; 16 December [O.S. Wassily Kandinsky in his atelier in Neuilly-sur-Seine. a poet. Did Wassily Kandinsky have kids? Some art historians believe[citation needed] that a second figure (perhaps a child) is being held by the rider, although this may be another shadow from the solitary rider. He died in Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1944. He studied many fields while in school, including law and economics. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766028&cache=false" From 1925 to 1927, Kandinsky emphasized circles in his paintings, as can be seen in "Several Circles". She suggested he simply repeat the word uberflut ("deluge" or "flood") and focus on its sound rather than its meaning. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766360&cache=false" Seeking a more spontaneous and abstract style, Kandinsky arrived at his so-called Compositions and Improvisations and his first abstract paintings of 1911. During that same year, he discovered Rembrandt in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg and he furthered his visual education with a trip to Paris. He spent 1906-1907 in Sèvres near Paris. In February 1917, Kandinsky, aged 51, married the much younger Nina. Wassily Silvestrovich Kandinsky was a tea merchant. [35], The obvious properties we can see when we look at an isolated colour and let it act alone, on one side is the warmth or coldness of the colour tone, and on the other side is the clarity or obscurity of that tone. This resulted in his work being singled out for praise in a review of that show by the artist Spencer Frederick Gore in The Art News. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.Kandinsky is generally credited as the pioneer of abstract art. Wassily Kandinsky. Wassily Kandinsky was born on December 4, 1866, in Moscow, Russia. What was odd or inconceivable yesterday is commonplace today; what is avant garde today (and understood only by the few) is common knowledge tomorrow. His parents, Lidia Ticheeva and Vasily Silvestrovich Kandinsky, divorced, when he was about five years old, and his father took the children to live in Odessa, a city on the Black Sea. He and Nina remained married until his death in 1944. For other uses, see, Back in Germany and the Bauhaus (1922–1933). From that time, the subject of children became taboo in their family. And I noticed with surprise and confusion that the picture not only gripped me, but impressed itself ineradicably on my memory. The works of his Phalanx period, from 1901 to 1904, are in the Jugendstil.In 1903, Kandinsky traveled to Venice, Odessa and Moscow; in 1904 - to Holland and Tunisia; in 1906 - to Odessa and Rapallo. The broad use of color in The Blue Mountain illustrates Kandinsky's inclination toward an art in which color is presented independently of form, and which each color is given equal attention. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. (age 77). Kandinsky allegedly had synesthesia. ""Color is a power, which directly influences the soul. Colours are used to express Kandinsky's experience of subject matter, not to describe objective nature. Kandinsky’s dramas were a blending of multiple art forms with lighting techniques. Extracts from the book were published that year in Percy Wyndham Lewis's periodical Blast, and Alfred Orage's weekly cultural newspaper The New Age. A. Seddeler, Dmitry Kardovsky and Wassily Kandinsky at the Ažbe School in Munich. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766039&cache=false" In 1903, Kandinsky traveled to Venice, Odessa and Moscow; in 1904 - to Holland and Tunisia; in 1906 - to Odessa and Rapallo. Following the Russian Revolution, Kandinsky "became an insider in the cultural administration of Anatoly Lunacharsky"[2] and helped establish the Museum of the Culture of Painting. [29] Kandinsky compares the spiritual life of humanity to a pyramid—the artist has a mission to lead others to the pinnacle with his work. Wassily Kandinsky was one of the great masters of modern art and an outstanding representative of the pure abstract painting, that dominated the first half of the twentieth century. He became a French citizen in 1939 and lived for the rest of his life in France. A mountain of blue is flanked by two broad trees, one yellow and one red. Learn about Wassily Kandinsky (Painter): Birthday, bio, family, parents, age, biography, born (date of birth) and all information about Wassily Kandinsky He organized twenty two museums and became the director of the Museum of Pictorial Culture. [citation needed], Kandinsky's analyses on forms and colours result not from simple, arbitrary idea-associations but from the painter's inner experience. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766038&cache=false" Favorite Answer. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766361&cache=false" This non-recognition was painful to me. They married in 1917 and remained happily together until his death in 1944. Also, together with Klee, Alexei von Jawlensky and Lyonel Feininger, he founded the "Blue Four" group in 1924.In 1926, Wassily published the principles of his teaching in "Point and Line to Plane". The young Kandinsky drew, wrote poems, and played the piano and the cello. A diagonal possesses a more-or-less warm (or cold) tonality, according to its inclination toward the horizontal or the vertical. vsevolod kandinsky was wassily kandinsky's. When the artist died in December 1944, his widow was his only heiress. Wassily Kandinsky was born on December 16, 1866 in Moscow, Russian Empire (present-day Moscow, Russian Federation) into a genteel, well-to-do and fond of travel family. [50], A point is a small bit of colour put by the artist on the canvas. https://www.amazon.com/Concerning-Spiritual-Art-Wassily-Kandinsky/dp/0486234118, (In "Point and Line to Plane", one of the most influential...). It was during this time that he began to emerge as an art theorist as well as a painter. This period was intensely productive. Kandinsky's romantic period, from 1927 to 1933, in which his use of pictorial signs was abundant and his color was softer, is exemplified in "Between the Light". Ethnicity: The colors and forms appear particularly sharp against the black background. Biomorphic forms with supple, non-geometric outlines appear in his paintings—forms which suggest microscopic organisms but express the artist's inner life. His examinations of the effects of forces on straight lines, leading to the contrasting tones of curved and angled lines, coincided with the research of Gestalt psychologists, whose work was also discussed at the Bauhaus. On November 16, 2016, Christie's auctioned Kandinsky's "Rigid and Bent", a large 1935 abstract painting, for $23.3 million, a new record for Kandinsky. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. vsevolod kandinsky was wassily kandinsky's son. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766040&cache=false" ""There is no must in art because art is free. There he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. In the summer of 1902, Kandinsky invited Gabriele Münter to join him at his summer painting classes just south of Munich in the Alps. Kandinsky became a German citizen in 1928, and the same year, he designed sets for Modest Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" for the Dessau Theater. Trivia. This simple visual identification of forms and the main coloured masses present on the canvas is only a first approach to the inner reality of the work, whose appreciation necessitates deeper observation—not only of forms and colours involved in the painting but their relationship, their absolute and relative positions on the canvas and their harmony. Kandinsky then formed a new group, the Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) with like-minded artists such as August Macke, Franz Marc, Albert Bloch, and Gabriele Münter. src="" alt="" class="gallery-slider__content__img" height="", data-src="/web/show-photo.jpg?id=2766023&cache=false" The rider's cloak is medium blue, which casts a darker-blue shadow. But no, this uniformity of red is not the most beautiful hour. Kandinsky and Marc founded "The Blaue Reiter" ("The Blue Rider") group in Munich in 1911 and exhibited with them. Content and Form, 1910 — VASILII KANDINSKY Preface to Catalogue of One-Man Exhibition, 1913 — NATALYA GONCHAROVA Cubism (Surface-Plane), 1912 — DAVID BURLIUK Cubism, I912 — NATALYA GONCHAROVA Why We Paint Ourselves: A Futurist Manifesto, 1913 — ILYA ZDANEVICH and MIKHAIL LARIONOV Rayonists and Futurists. Its illustrations by Mary GrandPre earned it a 2015 Caldecott Honor. Wassily Kandinsky was a Russian painter, popularly recalled in the art world as the Father of Abstract Art. The second exhibition followed in 1912, and the "Almanach Blauer Reiter" was published. During his last years, Kandinsky lived in Neuilly-sur-Seine near Paris, and, in 1939, he became a French citizen. (And it's not Kandinsky)", "De Stijl, "A Short Review of the Proceedings [of the Congress of International Progressive Artists], Followed by the Statements Made by the Artists' Groups" (1922)", "The Bauhaus Group: Six Masters of Modernism", "Monet Sells for $81.4 M., a New Record, at $246.3 M. Christie's Imp-Mod Sale", "Kandinsky painting bought directly from the artist by Solomon Guggenheim returns to auction", "FILM; To Fake It Well on the Set, It Pays to Be Genuine", "Wassily Kandinsky's 148th Birthday: Why is the painter is being celebrated in a Google Doodle? In 1917, the 50-year-old Kandinsky married the 17-year-old Nina Andreyevskaya, and they had a son later that year—Vsevolod, or “Lodya.” But like countless children during the Civil War in Russia, their child did not survive the malnourishment and diseases that were rampant; he died in 1920, just shy of three years old. The following year, he met the painter Gabriele Münter, with whom he lived until 1916. This tonality is determined by the relative importance of horizontal and vertical lines: the horizontals giving a calm, cold tonality to the basic plane while the verticals impart a calm, warm tonality. Kandinsky was a synesthet. This work demonstrates the influence of pointillism in the way the depth of field is collapsed into a flat, luminescent surface. This freedom is characterised in his works by the treatment of planes rich in colours and gradations—as in Yellow – red – blue (1925), where Kandinsky illustrates his distance from the constructivism and suprematism movements influential at the time. On 11 June, only a few months before his third birthday, the little boy died from gastroenteritis, a condition probably brought on by malnutrition, a common condition in those desperately hungry years. In 2015 the original designs of the stage elements were animated with modern video technology and synchronized with the music according to the preparatory notes of Kandinsky and the director's script of Felix Klee. Theosophical theory postulates that creation is a geometrical progression, beginning with a single point. Kandinsky's creation of abstract work followed a long period of development and maturation of intense thought based on his artistic experiences. In 1926, Wassily published the principles of his teaching in "Point and Line to Plane". In addition to painting, Kandinsky was an art theorist; his influence on the history of Western art stems perhaps more from his theoretical works than from his paintings. Relevance. The paintings of his Paris period have a Russian splendor of color, a richness of formal invention and a delightful humor, as in "Composition X" (1939), "Sky Blue" (1940) and "Reciprocal Accord" (1942). Anna Chimiakina, his cousin, was 6 years his senior. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist.. His writing in The Blue Rider Almanac and the treatise "On the Spiritual in Art" (which was released in 1910) were both a defence and promotion of abstract art and an affirmation that all forms of art were equally capable of reaching a level of spirituality. They were displayed in the State-sponsored exhibit "Degenerate Art", and then destroyed (along with works by Paul Klee, Franz Marc and other modern artists). Learn Kandinsky facts for kids. [51], A line is the product of a force which has been applied in a given direction: the force exerted on the pencil or paintbrush by the artist. His father was a native of Kyakhta, a Siberian town near the Chinese border, while his mother was a Muscovite, and his grandmother was from the German-speaking Baltic. The protagonist, Elizabeth Parsons (Ashley Judd), utilises the registry entry for the work to track down her husband under his new alias. [28], Published in Munich in 1911, Kandinsky's text, Über das Geistige in der Kunst, defines three types of painting; impressions, improvisations and compositions. Vasily Kandinsky: From Blaue Reiter to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925 by Wassily Kandinsky (Contributor) 2.50 avg rating — 2 ratings — published 2013 [36] Warmth is a tendency towards yellow, and coldness a tendency towards blue; yellow and blue form the first great, dynamic contrast. He made a series of physical poses his actors could use while performing, this kind of movement was called Biomechanics. Spencer Frederick Gore, "The Allied Artists' Exhibition at the Royal Albert Hall (London)", in "The Art News," 4 August 1910, p.254. 1944 Kandinsky died of cerebrovascular disease in Neuilly-sur-Seine, survived only by his widow, Nina Andreiev. This period is exemplified in "Composition VIII". Wassily had a fervent belief in Orthodox Christianity. Cover of Die Blaue Reiter almanac, 1912. They had a son named Vsevolod Kandinsky the same year but he died in 1920. saveTextPlaceholder. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. [59], In 2012, Christie's auctioned Kandinsky's Studie für Improvisation 8 (Study for Improvisation 8), a 1909 view of a man wielding a broadsword in a rainbow-hued village, for $23 million. Kandinsky learned from a variety of sources while in Moscow. The painter's job is to listen and know these effects to produce paintings which are not just the effect of a random process, but the fruit of authentic work and the result of an effort towards inner beauty. "Kandinsky" redirects here. Trivia. [44] Mixed with black it becomes brown, a hard colour. How old is Wassily Kandinsky: 78 years Male Birthday: December 16, 1866 Sun sign: Sagittarius Nationality: Moscow, Russia Wassily Kandinsky Education: grekov odessa art school, moscow state university, akademie der bildenden künste münchen; Death date: December 13, 1944. When, at the end of that year, the Soviet attitude to art changed, Kandinsky left Russia. The Blue Mountain (1908–1909) was painted at this time, demonstrating his trend toward abstraction. [70] In 2017, a selection of Kandinsky's work was on view at the Guggenheim, "Visionaries: Creating a Modern Guggenheim". In 1913, Kandinsky produced a series of color lithographs and prose poems "Sounds" and took part in the first Autumn Exhibition. [6][7] One of his great-grandmothers was Princess Gantimurova, a Mongolian princess. The outstanding characteristic of Composition X is obviously the stark, black ground. Yes, he had one son named Vsevolod who died at age three. He defines it as the principle of efficient contact of the form with the human soul. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994. Vasiliy Vasilyevich Kandinskiy, IPA: [vɐˈsʲilʲɪj vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪtɕ kɐnʲˈdʲinskʲɪj]; 16 December [O.S. As remembered by Nina Kandinskaya, in the winter of 1915, at Epiphany, she and her friends tried to guess their destined betrothed. Kandinsky taught the basic design class for beginners and the course on advanced theory at the Bauhaus; he also conducted painting classes and a workshop in which he augmented his colour theory with new elements of form psychology. These theories are explained in Point and Line to Plane (see below). His fascination with colour symbolism and psychology continued as he grew. More of each were planned, but the outbreak of World War I in 1914 ended these plans and sent Kandinsky back to Russia via Switzerland and Sweden. In The Blue Rider, Kandinsky shows the rider more as a series of colours than in specific detail. The young Kandinsky drew, wrote poems, and played the piano and the cello. Kandinsky then left Germany, settling in Paris. Save record . It can be isolated or resonate with other points or lines. [71], The Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C., held an exhibit from June 11 to September 4, 2011, called ″Kandinsky and the Harmony of Silence,″ featuring ″Painting with White Border″ and its preparatory studies.[72]. He loved its architecture and often wrote about and attempted to capture on canvas the beauty of Moscow at dusk. The subjective effect produced by a line depends on its orientation: a horizontal line corresponds with the ground on which man rests and moves; it possesses a dark and cold affective tonality similar to black or blue. Kandinsky sometimes used musical terms to identify his works; he called his most spontaneous paintings "improvisations" and described more elaborate works as "compositions.". For the large architectural exhibition in Berlin of 1931 he produced wall decorations.When the Bauhaus School of Art and Architecture was closed in 1933, Kandinsky moved to Berlin, and, the following year, he left for Paris. In less than three years, the boy died. In 1929, Kandinsky held his first one-man show in Paris and traveled to Belgium and the French Riviera. Wassily Kandinsky, M. T. Sadler (Translator), Adrian Glew (Editor). In German, this work has undergone many editions and printings ; Das Bild mit Häusern (1909) sei im Oktober 1940 unter Druck des Nazi-Regimes dem Stedelijk Museum verkauft worden. His partner its founder, architect Walter Gropius foreground are more amorphous Blue shadows, the topic of children the! Common forms of which include strokes Popular Culture and at the Commissariat of Popular Culture and at the age 30... Recall being fascinated and stimulated by colour as a painter notable German painter, who was at the University Moscow! 1932 for Berlin, for which a special form of perception of the first three survive only in 1914 after. No support ; it possesses a luminous, warm tonality close to white and yellow by colour as a.! 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