1990. They are not classified as territorial as they allow non-resident squirrels to enter their burrows, even squirrels belonging to striped ground squirrels (X. erythropus). 2010. (De Winton, 1898; Flower, 1931; O'Shea, 1991), Unstriped ground squirrels are diurnal and mainly solitary. The species occurs in a number of protected areas (such as Samburu National Reserve, Kenya), and is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. Typical habitat for the species is dry savanna and shrubland. They are diurnal and terrestrial, living in burrows. 5 Amazon Com The Red Squirrel At Home Wall Calendar 2021 300 300 Mm Square Office Products. 1974. 2008. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. please visit our ebay store for additional listings. Unstriped ground squirrels are fossorial and associated with arid, open shrub and bush savannah, as well as riverine areas where the soil is soft for burrowing. Finally, the unstriped ground squirrel (scientific name: Xerus rutilus) can be found in the grasslands, woodlands, and rocky areas of the northeastern areas of both Sudan and Tanzania. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 52: 13-51. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Unstriped ground squirrels may serve as a natural reservoir of disease causing organisms and/or their vectors. Xerus rutilus. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! A Ground Squirrel is any of several rodents in the Sciuridae, or squirrel, family. The Unstriped Ground Squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is a rodent mammal of the Sciuridae family. The ground-squirrel parasites, H. calcarata Neumann, 1902, and H. houyi Nuttall and Warburton, 1915 (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae). Unstriped ground squirrels have sparsely furred undersides and are described as “harsh-furred” squirrels due to the coarse, bristly texture of the pelage. Unstriped ground squirrel … It is found in dry grassland habitats in Botswana, South Africa and Namibia. The Cape ground squirrel is red-brown in color, with paler undersides and face. Ecogeographical aspects of tick distribution. Pregnant females containing two embryos have been collected in both Kenya and Ethiopia and one or two juveniles per female have been reported for a population near Kibwezi in south-central Kenya. As soon as they stop, these squirrels raise the tail over their back and sits up on their haunches to confirm the danger before disappearing into the burrow. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Chasing normally occurs after the chattering vocalization, but rather than ending in combat, chases tend to end abruptly when the more aggressive individual simply stops running. With a total body-tail length of around 42.4 to 47.6 cm (16.7 to 18.7 in), the Cape ground squirrel is smaller than the striped ground squirrel. However, there have been observations of mating. living in sub-Saharan Africa (south of 30 degrees north) and Madagascar. They live in colonies and are active during the day. Kingdon (1974) identified three races, but noted that they may not reflect distinctions between neighboring populations but rather within species color variation, as color was the criterion on which the races were originally described: X. r. dorsalis (western Kenya and Karamoja), X. r. rufifrons (northern Kenya), X. r. saturatus (southeast Kenya and northeast Tanzania). 1951. They are native to Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. In the Somali language unstriped ground squirrels are called “dabagalleh”, which means “the possessor of a tail like a sheath or scabbard”. It is predominantly sandy-brown in color and has pale underparts. Toschi (1945) proposed an additional variety, X. r. massaicus. The mountain ground squirrel is less social than the Cape ground squirrel, with males often being solitary, and females living either alone or in small family groups. List of mammals from British East Africa, obtained by Mr. Robin Kemp and presented to the British Museum by Mr. C. D. Rudd, with additional notes on specimens collected and presented by Mr. A. Blaney Percival. II. Read on to learn about the Ground Squirrel. Unstriped Ground Squirrel (Xerus rutilus) Images Pictures, Nature Wildlife Photos - Nature Images - NaturePhoto However, Kingdon (1974) collected small juvenile X. rutilus throughout most months of the year and so concluded that breeding occurred throughout the annual cycle. De Winton (1898) indicates that X. rutilus is very susceptible to cold; individuals he tamed eventually succumbed to cold weather at night. It is found in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1898: 761-768. Unstriped ground squirrels assume an alert posture (rearing up on hind legs) when alarmed, presumably to increase their range of visual field. Accessed In Harar Province, Ethiopia, they are also recorded around stands of prickly pear cactus. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. (On-line). Xerus rutilus. having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect. (Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Prior to parturition, pregnant females establish maternity burrows at the peripheries of their home range. The species has also been introduced to the Canary Islands. Add to Likebox #149926118 - Cape ground squirrel… … The isolation of Leishmania aethiopica from the ground squirrel Xerus rutilus. They have coarse and short hair and are known to be social animals. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. A terrestrial biome. It inhabits mountainous or hilly areas with sparse vegetation. Accessed January 24, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Xerus_rutilus/. Image of rutilus, nature, unstriped - 147491652 They live in isolated burrow systems, which they may occupy alone or with one other adult of either sex. Notes on African Haemaphysalis ticks. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Drake-Brockman, R. 1910. They were originally thought to consume a diet limited to roots, rice, and "jowari" (a variety of cultivated Sorghum), but Kingdon (1974) describes a more generalist diet which includes wild roots, pods, seeds, fruit, stems, and leaves, as well as some insects. Xenops Facts: Discover A Group Of Often Overlooked Rainforest Birds, European Mantis Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. 1972. Hoogstraal, H. 1955. Ectoparasites include fleas (Synosternus somalicus) and ticks (Haemaphysalis calcarata), which appears to be found only on X. rutilus. #149902528 - Unstriped ground squirrel Xerus rutilus Amboseli National Park.. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Hares and rodents. The mountain ground squirrel is slightly larger on average, and its incisors are yellow-orange rather than white. They then forage in open areas, retreating to the shade provided by bushes such as Salvadora during the heat of the day, where they continue to forage on fruit and seeds. They live in burrows at the stem bases of … Ecological studies in southern Africa, Vol. Referring to a burrowing life-style or behavior, specialized for digging or burrowing. Flower, S. 1931. Confused by terms such as ‘genus’, ‘family’ and ‘class’? The unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is a species of rodent (order Rodentia) in the family Sciuridae. (O'Shea, 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels are diurnal foragers. … Color varies somewhat according to region, but these squirrels are generally described as tawny to reddish-brown with a darker dorsum. Taxon Information Close phylogenetic affinities of the fossil, Xerus daamsi sp. Ground Squirrel foraging on small pink flowers, Deception Valley, Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Kalahari Desert, Botswana. 1974. O'Shea, T. 1976. Small mammals of arid savanna and montane sites in northern Kenya. Striped ground squirrels are the only African ground squirrels that occur sympatrically with unstriped ground squirrels. reproduction in which fertilization and development take place within the female body and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the female. The fifth ground squirrel found in Africa is the Barbary ground squirrel. Females likely produce two young per litter. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. Catalogue of the Mammals of Ethiopia 2. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 84: 691. Convergent in birds. The species is found in savanna and shrubland in Namibia and Angola. Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society, 20: 274-392. (Grubb and Oguge, 2008), The name Xerus is derived from the Greek xeros, meaning “dry”, either in reference to the aridity of the species’ habitat or to the bristly texture of its pelage. Other information: Widespread at low density. Geographical Journal, 138: 316-338. 1-5, 3 figs. File:Squirrel eating.ogg The living squirrels are divided into five subfamilies, with about 58 … Considered the most common ground squirrel of eastern Ethiopia, their geographic range in Kenya appears to be contracting in some areas, possibly as a result of displacement by the larger, more aggressive striped ground squirrels (Xerus erythropus). Tropical Pest Management, 36(3): 223-229. Xerinae: pictures (207) Xerinae: specimens (37) Tribe Xerini African ground squirrels. Learn more. There is a dominance hierarchy, with males dominant over females and juveniles. breeding is confined to a particular season, reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female, places a food item in a special place to be eaten later. (Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Drake-Brockman (1910) indicated that breeding occurs during March and April, which coincides generally with Hubert’s (1978) observation that reproduction in X. rutilus is initiated following the onset of the rainy season. Stillwater: Oklahoma State University. African ground squirrels may feed on crops, and are seen as pests in some regions. The striped ground squirrel shares its habitat with a similar-looking cousin, the unstriped ground squirrel. Delany, M. 1975. 22x18 inch (580x480 mm) frame with high quality RA4 print and mount individually cut to size. Species Xerus rutilus unstriped ground squirrel… Alpine marmot (Marmota marmota) of the Marmotini. Modern rodent fauna of the Lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia. ranking system or pecking order among members of a long-term social group, where dominance status affects access to resources or mates. Experientia, 30: 889-891. The female may also vocalize as she moves away from the male, uttering a soft chirring sound. Anti-predator responses differ according to habitat type, but generally involve escaping to cover habitats such as bushland, using unpredictable dashing movements. African ground squirrels typically live in arid (dry), rocky or grassland habitats. The South Turkana expedition. The three-striped ground squirrel (L. insignis), also of the Sunda Islands, is reported to eat fruit, roots, and insects; plain long-nosed ground squirrels (genus Dremomys) eat fruit, insects, and earthworms.The two species of Sulawesi ground squirrel … Rodentia, Lagomorpha, and Tubulidentata, Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History, The ecological stratification of mammals in the eastern Chercher Highlands of Harar Province, Ethiopia. 1978. Topics 1976. (O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Longevity under natural conditions is unknown, but there is one report of a male X. rutilus captured on the Blue Nile in 1913 surviving 6 years 1 month 26 days in captivity. The tail display that is used in mating has only been observed in adult males, but are also exhibited when adult males encounter juveniles of either sex. Widely sympatric with striped ground squirrel… Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Home range, social behavior, and dominance relationships in the African unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus. Denys, C., L. Viriot, R. Daams, P. Pelaez-Campomanes, P. Vignaud, L. Andossa, M. Brunet. The Unstriped Ground Squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. Yalden, D., M. Largen, D. Kock. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Unstriped ground squirrels adjust their foraging behavior relative to perceived predation risk and store food via scatter hoarding. Apparently, all the other ground squirrels in the area have some form of stripes. October 21, 2013 Check out our page on animal classification: Discover amazing animals from all around the world: Now you know all about animals in the genus. The striped ground squirrel has a large range, being found across Africa south of the Sahara Desert and north of the equatorial rainforests. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk Publishers. 7 9 Ways To Squirrel Proof Your Bird Feeder. They are endemic to East Africa and have been recorded in the region encompassed by Sudan, Tanzania and Somalia. Agonistic behavior in X. rutilus ranges from threat to combat. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. They are diurnal and terrestrial, living in burrows. Unstriped ground squirrels retreat to their burrows in the late afternoon. Coe, M. 1972. Accessed (Kingdon, 1974; Toschi, 1945; Yalden, et al., 1976). Unstriped ground squirrels also occupy termite mounds or burrows excavated by other species. It is possible that chemical cues, such as pheromones, are also used in communication. October 21, 2013 scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. The male then chases the female, and approaches her posterior region. The rodents of Uganda. Kingdon, J. Discover A Common (But Elusive) Nocturnal American Canid, Temperate Rainforest Biome Facts, Pictures And Information: A Complete Guide To Temperate Rainforests, Animals That Migrate: A List Of Migratory Animals With Pictures & Facts. East African mammals in the United States National Museum, II. Pp. October 21, 2013 Pocock, R. 1923. A new Pliocene Xerine sciurid (Rodentia) from Kossom Bougoudi, Chad. In fact, the two species are so similar that it can be different to tell them apart. Nadler, C., A. Hoffmann. List of the mammals obtained by Mr. R. McD. Males have a well-developed 6 mm long baculum. Copyright © 2021 ActiveWild.com. Hawker during his recent expedition to Somaliland. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. 1945. Photo about Unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus, is walking on termite nest in Ethiopia, Africa. October 21, 2013 The Cape ground squirrel is also known as the South African ground squirrel. Although only seven of ten hibernating squirrels … Search in feature (Coe, 1972; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hubert, 1978; Martin, 1986; O'Shea, 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels inhabit broadly overlapping home ranges, with each home range encompassing several burrow sites. London: Hurst and Blackett. © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. A field guide to the larger mammals of Africa. Dollman, G. 1911. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! at http://ia700402.us.archive.org/8/items/annalsmagazineof871911lond/annalsmagazineof871911lond.pdf.. Dorst, J., P. Dandelot. They are omnivorous, with diets typically consisting of plant matter such as bulbs, fruit, grasses and herbs, together with insects, eggs, and small animals. Unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus (northeastern Sudan to northeastern Tanzania) The squirrels live in open woodlands, grasslands, or rocky country. O'Shea, T. 1991. It is possible that breeding season varies geographically or with climate conditions. Fanson, B., K. Fanson, J. The chromosome number is 2n = 38. eating, squirrel, botswana, kalahari, kalahari desert, ground squirrel, xerus inauris, cape ground squirrel… In this case, the unstriped ground squirrel from Samburu National Reserve in Kenya. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. V. Mammals. Piloerection of the tail is also observed as a general alarm reaction. These particular rodents share a tribe, known as Marmotini. African ground squirrels are rodents in the family Sciuridae, the squirrel family. Abebe, A., D. Evans, T. Gemetchu. Brain size and ecology in small mammals. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1923: 209-246. Actual combat is very rare in X. rutilus. Ecological studies of the small mammals of South Turkana. … The mammals of Somaliland. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, A field guide to the larger mammals of Africa, East African mammals in the United States National Museum, II. Contributions to our knowledge of the duration of life in vertebrate animals. They lack the longitudinal stripes characteristic of other Xerus species. National Science Foundation Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(3): 676–687. Joyeux, C., J. Baer. The male approaches and begins sniffing the female, who responds by assuming a prostrate position. Journal of Mammalogy, 57: 450-460. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Coe (1972) indicates that more than 50 percent of their diet is dry seeds and leaves. The are also found in small gullies associated with lava gravel flats and have been recorded at elevations ranging from sea level to approximately 2000 meters. The IUCN Red List classifies X. rutilus as a species of Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and its tolerance for some degree of habitat modification. A field study of home range, social behavior, and dominance relationships in the African unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus, was conducted in semi-arid bushland near Kibwezi, Kenya. Got it! A colony of Cape ground squirrels responds to the presence of a snake with mobbing behavior. Similar Images . living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture. Washington: Bulletin of the United States National Museum. Yalden, et al. Key, G. 1990. They live in burrows at the stem bases of Salvadora thickets, low-lying stunted acacias or in long-standing zarebas. All of the members of Marmotini spend much of their lives on the ground rather than in trees. Unstriped ground squirrel Xerus rutilus - Public Domain image from section: animals/S/squirrel/ground squirrel/ at wpclipart.com. Insectivora and Rodentia. (Coe, 1972; De Winton, 1898; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Fanson, et al., 2010; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976), The main predators of unstriped ground squirrels have been described for the Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary, Tsavo West National Park, Kenya. Toschi, A. A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). The coloration of this large ground squirrel is sandy-brown or dark-brown overall and white on the under-parts. 284-300 in D Davis, B De Meillon, J Harington, M Kalk, eds. Fruits are also consumed, including the fruits of Adansonia, Acacia, and Commiphora. (1976) compiled the following list of synonyms for all forms recorded from Ethiopia (some of which may represent valid subspecies): Sciurus rutilus CRETZSCHMAR, 1828, Sciurus (Xerus) brachyolus HEMPRICH & EHRENBERG, 1828, Xerus dabagala HEDGLIN, 1861, Sciurus (Xerus) fuscus HUET, 1880, Xerus saturatus NEUMANN, 1900, Xerus rutilus intensus THOMAS, 1904, Xerus rutilus stephanicus THOMAS, 1906. Subfamily Xerinae marmots, ground squirrels, African squirrels, and relatives. A distinctive pale stripe runs from the shoulder to the hip along either side of the body. Burrow systems are the major refuges used by unstriped ground squirrels when fleeing from danger. Journal of Arid Environments, 11: 173-180. East African mammals, an atlas of evolution in Africa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1931: 145-234. IIB. In this species, males exert dominance over females. (Coe, 1972; De Winton, 1898; Delany, 1975; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; O'Shea, 1976; Yalden, et al., 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels are the smallest ground squirrels in the genus Xerus, weighing between 260 and 420 g, and measuring 200 to 255 mm in head and body length with a 120 to 225 mm long tail. The male follows the retreating female with the tail extended dorsally, stopping to sniff the female’s scent markings. The African unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is widely dispersed across various habitats in East Africa and hence encounters a diverse suite of predators and plant communities.It is … A male will approach a female with a characteristic tail display which involves piloerection of the tail while it is arched over the back. at http://archive.org/stream/cbarchive_101509_achecklistofthelandmammalsofth1950/XX_No.1_90__274_1950_Swynnerton#page/n107/mode/2up/search/Xerus+rutilus. A thin white line runs from the shoulder to the hip on each side of the body. The ecological stratification of mammals in the eastern Chercher Highlands of Harar Province, Ethiopia. http://ia700402.us.archive.org/8/items/annalsmagazineof871911lond/annalsmagazineof871911lond.pdf. 2 Waste Not Wednesday-161 – Raggedy Bits 3 Squirrels… The skull is characterized by an elongated rostrum and a small infraorbital canal. Although snakes were not detected in the study, these and other reptiles also likely prey on them. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. Hares and rodents, Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society. Known internal parasites include cestodes (Catenotaenia geosciuri) and trypanosomes (Leishmania aethiopica). we always leave feedback. Lifespan in the wild is not reported. This is often enough to drive the predator away. Theiler, G. 1964. Scientific papers IX. Accessed Additionally, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) indicates that X. rutilus is a significant agricultural pest species in arid parts of Kenya, with density estimates in Turkana, Kenya, reaching 848 individuals per square kilometer. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Its tail is almost as long again. De Winton, W. 1898. Discover A Widespread Praying Mantis Species…, Ocean Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Ocean With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Lion’s Mane Jellyfish Facts, Pictures, Information & Video, Raccoon Facts, Pictures & Information: Discover An Adaptable, Nocturnal North American Mammal, Gray Fox Facts. They include avian raptors, including tawny eagles (Aquila rapax), bateleurs (Terathopius ecaudatus), martial eagles (Polemaetus bellicosus), as well as mammalian predators including leopards (Panthera pardus) and black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas). "Xerus rutilus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Former burrow systems are temporarily abandoned and old, unoccupied burrows are re-excavated for the purposes of rearing young. 6 How To Get Rid Of Squirrels The 5 Must Do Steps. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique, 6: 867-880. Unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) Altitude range: 1700 – 2200 m Main habitats: BushlandPercentage of Lolldaiga used: ?? Hubert, B. London: Collins. As its name suggests, the unstriped ground squirrel is the only member of the genus Xerus not to have a line running along its flanks. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, Supplemento, 8:1: 1-118. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, East African mammals, an atlas of evolution in Africa. 1970. Martin, G. 1986. (Coe, 1972; Delany, 1975; Dollman, 1911; Dorst and Dandelot, 1970; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; Mace, et al., 1981; Nadler and Hoffmann, 1974; O'Shea, 1991; Pocock, 1923; Roth and Thorington Jr, 1982; Toschi, 1945; Yalden, et al., 1976), The mating system of this species is not known. After foraging in hot open areas, they return to the shade and press their undersides against the ground to unload excess body heat. Unstriped ground squirrels exhibit behavioral thermoregulation. Beaucournu, J., F. Rodhain, R. Houin. As their name suggests, the African ground squirrels are terrestrial (ground-dwelling). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, vol 7: 518-529. Two rodents from the Masai reserve. 1981. at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03749444.1976.10736830#.UoZpesQTUkw. Contents hide 1 At that time she called me, and i came and removed the dead juvenile squirrel from the wall. Fanson, et al. Unstriped Ground Squirrel, Xerus rutilus (northeastern Sudan to northeastern Tanzania) The squirrels live in open woodlands, grasslands, or rocky country. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. They appear to molt at all times of the year. Accessed London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). having the capacity to move from one place to another. Its natural habitats are dry … Unstriped Ground Squirrel Xerus rutilus (Cretzschmar, 1828) kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Mammalia - mammals » order Rodentia - rodents » family Sciuridae - squirrels … Dorst and Dandelot (1970) indicate that the tail is mixed with black and white. It is from eastern Africa, in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, … http://archive.org/stream/cbarchive_101509_achecklistofthelandmammalsofth1950/XX_No.1_90__274_1950_Swynnerton#page/n107/mode/2up/search/Xerus+rutilus, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03749444.1976.10736830#.UoZpesQTUkw. "IUCN 2013. Journal of Zoology, 193: 333-354. The Striped ground squirrel is an African rodent, having 6 sub-species. Pre-harvest crop losses to the African striped ground squirrel, Xerus erythropus, in Kenya. Kingdon (1974) identified the following local names: kindi, kidiri (Swahili), ekunyuk, ngikunyuko (Karamojong), eetata (Kiliangulu). Predators of African ground squirrels include puff adders, monitor lizards, jackals and birds of prey. the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south. The unstriped ground squirrel is found several east African countries, including Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya.

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