No scientist has an impact-to-fame ratio greater than Claude Elwood Shannon, the creator of information theory. And, his passion paved the way for the advent of the internet, modern computers and cell phones which controls the ways of the world today. What Impact Is Technology Having On Today’s Workforce? He gained his PhD from MIT in the subject, but he made substantial contributions to the theory and practice of computing. Here Is Some Good Advice For Leaders Of Remote Teams. After graduating from the University of Michigan in 1936 with bachelor’s degrees in … Like? But the word intelligence was old — so old that it was encrusted with the patina of multiple meanings as each civilizational epoch appropriated it for a particular use. Claude Shannon, the Father of Information Theory, an American engineer, mathematician and inventor was born on April 30, 1916. Claude Shannon thought about and wrote about many things — but he didn’t pontificate about creativity, or thinking, or genius. Brain Pickings has a free Sunday digest of the week's most interesting and inspiring articles across art, science, philosophy, creativity, children's books, and other strands of our search for truth, beauty, and meaning. But the most significant revolution that year was being set into motion by a crank invisible to the public eye, thanks to a young engineer named Claude Shannon (April 30, 1916–February 24, 2001). For frippery o… Culture then wasn’t as bedeviled by short-termism and compulsive pragmatism as it is today. Claude Shannon did not write the code that protected that image from error and distortion, but, some four decades earlier, he had proved that such a code must exist. (Bush, arguably, had laid the ideological foundation for information theory three years before Shannon’s invention of the bit in his prophetic essay “As We May Think.”) When Turing himself visited Bell Labs in 1943, he occasionally lunched with Shannon and the two traded speculative theories about the future of computing. When Shannon was a student electronic computers didn't exist. Category: General. The operator in a tower moved the arms to a sequence of … The life of the inventor, mathematician and engineer Claude Shannon merges the two stereotypes. Shannon Weaver model of communication was created in 1948 when Claude Elwood Shannon wrote an article “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” in Bell System Technical Journal with Warren Weaver. The company would manufacture 186 different medications in pill form over the next century. Claude Shannon, who's 100th anniversary is this year, deserves your attention as a genius of the computer age. And so it did. A brilliant mathematical mind, he applied his intellect to a wide range of problems and projects. Could Shannon’s strange work, full of imaginary languages, messages without meaning, random text, and a philosophy that claimed to encompass and explain every signal that could possibly be sent, ever be more than an elegant piece of theorizing? Claude Shannon is perhaps one of the most important engineers of the 20th century, but he did it for fun. This is a good book. Claude Shannon was a groundbreaking polymath, a brilliant tinkerer, and a digital pioneer. Indeed, considering the matter closely, one could see a chain of abstraction and conversion: the dots and dashes representing letters of the alphabet; the letters representing sounds, and in combination forming words; the words representing some ultimate substrate of meaning, perhaps best left to philosophers. He … - IEEE. In the nineteenth century, energy began to undergo a similar transformation: natural philosophers adapted a word meaning vigor or intensity. On the one hand, Shannon’s information theory was tremendously important as an intellectual endeavor. MAA Review; Table of Contents [Reviewed by . Telegraphy relied on a different sort of conversion: a code of dots and dashes, not based on sounds at all but on the written alphabet, which was, after all, a code in its turn. But no one word denoted all that stuff. Mathematics searches for new theorems to build upon the old. Claude Shannon: Three things you'll wish you owned that the mathematician invented. Did Claude Shannon Invent a Groundbreaking Personal Computer? Shannon’s ideas impressed even a mind as unusual and far-seeing as Turing’s, who marveled about his American friend: Shannon wants to feed not just data to a Brain, but cultural things! https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/06/james-gleick-the-information-claude-shannon/ I invite you to read these 281 pages or if you are too lazy or busy, at least the Shannon page on Wikipedia. Venerated thinkers were making the case for “the usefulness of useless knowledge” and even the commercial bastions of technology saw beyond the immediate practical application of their work. Claude Shannon is known as the father and founder of the information theory. A rite of purification became necessary. Walmart # 569467249. Publication Date: 2017. If so, it’s often possible to invent … As a junior research assistant at MIT, he had worked on building the Differential Analyzer — a primitive computer with cogs and gears envisioned by Vannevar Bush a century after Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace’s groundbreaking Analytical Engine. Claude Shannon enjoyed building remote controlled model planes and boats. December 28, 2020 Davi Ottenheimer Leave a comment. How important was Claude Shannon's Information Theory to the development of technology? Main A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age. —. Science seeks the basic laws of nature. Qty: Get in-stock alert. Go here. Claude Shannon (1916- ) and Communication Theory. America's Top Givers: The 25 Most Philanthropic Billionaires, EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Three Things You’ll Need Before Starting A New Business. Subscribe to this free midweek pick-me-up for heart, mind, and spirit below — it is separate from the standard Sunday digest of new pieces: “All things physical are information-theoretic in origin and this is a participatory universe… Observer-participancy gives rise to information,” the pioneering theoretical physicist John Wheeler asserted in his visionary It for Bit concept in 1989. How Can AI Support Small Businesses During The Pandemic? In describing the inherent “speed limit” of any communications channel past which accurate communication breaks down—a concept that was quickly christened the “Shannon limit”—Shannon also gave communications engineers an outer bound to strive for. We can see now that information is what our world runs on: the blood and the fuel, the vital principle … transforming every branch of knowledge. How Do Employee Needs Vary From Generation To Generation? Did Shannon Alone Invent Our Future? Answer by Jimmy Soni, co-author of A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age, on Quora: He’s unknown to many of us today, but Claude Shannon is … Classical information science, by contrast, sprang forth about 50 years ago, from the work of one remarkable man: Claude E. Shannon. Brain Pickings participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn commissions by linking to Amazon. Very rarely does one individual simultaneously make central contributions to all three — but Claude Shannon was a rare individual. He … Shannon’s contribution was an embodiment of Schopenhauer’s definition of genius — he was simmered in the same cultural stew as his peers and contemporaries, lived with the same histories as everyone else, but he saw something no one else saw: a potential, a promise, and, finally, a possibility. In a … Warren Weaver was an electrical engineer from the United States. Imagine a world without bits. First of all, they have read most of his inventions. Bush recognized Shannon’s genius, but he also did what mentors are supposed to do — he pushed Shannon out of his comfort zone in some productive ways. Your support makes all the difference. He also experimented with computing, robotics and machine learning, building a legendary maze-solving mouse in 1952. The main questions motivating this were how to design telephone systems to carry the maximum amount of information … You may opt-out by. Jimmy Soni and Rob Goodman. Claude Shannon was a mathematician from the United States. Shannon’s theory made a bridge between information and uncertainty; between information and entropy; and between information and chaos. Very rarely does one individual simultaneously make central contributions to all three — but Claude Shannon was a rare individual. Shannon was an American mathematician whereas Weaver was … Shannon Weaver model of communication was created in 1948 when Claude Elwood Shannon wrote an article “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” in Bell System Technical Journal with Warren Weaver. Many believe the model was mainly developed by Shannon alone. This profile, originally published in 1992, reveals the many facets of his life and work Did Claude Shannon Invent a Groundbreaking Personal Computer? The Shannon-Weaver theory was first proposed in the 1948 article “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” in the Bell System Technical Journalby Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver: 1. Short answer: super-important, but not immediately important. A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age Jimmy Soni, Rob Goodman. In 1948, the air was aswirl with technologically-fomented cultural tumult — that selfsame year, the great nature writer Henry Beston was calling for reclaiming our humanity from the tyranny of technology, while across the Atlantic the German philosopher Josef Pieper was penning his timely manifesto for resisting the cult of productivity. “Off and on,” Shannon wrote to Vannevar Bush at MIT in 1939, “I have been working on an analysis of some of the fundamental properties of general systems for the transmission of intelligence.”. If this labor has enlarged and enriched your own life this year, please consider aiding its sustenance with a one-time or loyal donation. → Producer & Host: Demetri Kofinas. It is a great biography of a mathematician whose life and production are not that well-known. And what is Information? ... You can make quite a list of them and I think they would be very useful if one did that, so I am going to give a few of them which I have thought up or which people have suggested to me. Format: Hardcover. So did Claude Shannon. Why Is The Future Of Business About Creating A Shared Value For Everyone? Above all, he inaugurated an entire field of study and work, a body of dialogue and deliberation that would long outlive its author. Claim yours: Also: Because Brain Pickings is in its fifteenth year and because I write primarily about ideas of a timeless character, I have decided to plunge into my vast archive every Wednesday and choose from the thousands of essays one worth resurfacing and resavoring. With Rob Goodman, he is the coauthor of Rome's Last Citizen: The Life and Legacy of Cato, Mortal Enemy of Caesar, and A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age. Claude Shannon at Bell Lab. Answer by Rob Goodman, Co-Author, A Mind At Play, on Quora: How important was Claude Shannon's Information Theory to the development of technology? Mathematics searches for new theorems to build upon the old. Claude Shannon and the Information Age. They mathematicized it, giving energy its fundamental place in the physicists’ view of nature. Jimmy Soni. The story of the bit began in 1948, when Bell Labs invented the transistor — a technology that would go on to earn its inventors the Nobel Prize and alter nearly every aspect of modern life. Allen Stenger, on . It led to compact discs and fax machines, computers and cyberspace, Moore’s law and all the world’s Silicon Alleys. I spent five years researching and writing the first biography of Claude Shannon, and this was one of the questions that most puzzled me when I first set out to tackle the project. Like his contemporary Richard Feynman, he did it for 'the pleasure of finding things out.' When Shannon did things like explain the features that all communications systems have in common; invent the bit, allowing us to quantify the amount of information in a message; explore the probabilistic “rules” that make our messages and languages more or less predictable; and show how we could use digital codes to transmit messages with perfect accuracy—well, when he did all that, it was immediately evident to his colleagues that Shannon had written a theoretical masterpiece. I’m sure I get an IQ boost every time.” “I know of no greater work of genius in the annals of technological thought.”. That was too rich. Privacy policy. He continued to invent games and mechanical devises into his adulthood; indulging in his passion for games as well as his innate passion for creativity. But it was a fulcrum around which the world began to turn. It is 385 pages long and informative. Science seeks the basic laws of nature. 09/13/2017] This is a biography of the mathematician and engineer Claude E. Shannon … Claude Shannon NEVER won a Nobel Prize, nor did any of his associates, nor has anyone in the communication theory and information theory part of electrical engineering. How Claude Shannon Invented the Future Quanta Magazine - David Tse. Claude E. Shannon [above] would have celebrated his 100th birthday this month on 28 April. While Shannon had proven the necessary existence of digital codes that would aid tremendously in compressing messages and sending them with flawless accuracy, he had not yet shown what the codes were. Mathematics … Based on online research, Claude Shannon practiced a multi-asset strategy that re-balance frequently to capture volatility. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. He not only pioneered binary logic and arithmetic, he invented a whole new subject area - information theory and still had time to have fun with computer chess and Theseus, the amazing maze running relay mouse - see the video! He also experimented with computing, robotics and machine learning, building a legendary maze-solving mouse in 1952. Most varieties of motion had to be tossed out before Newton’s laws could apply and the Scientific Revolution could succeed. No one bothered with a press release. Claude Shannon is quite correctly described as a mathematician. Claude Shannon is a key figure in US computer science, electrical engineering, and a number of related fields. Shannon, who died in 2001, is regarded as one of the greatest electrical engineering heroes of all time. In more human terms, this means that whenever you buy a book on Amazon from a link on here, I receive a small percentage of its price. It has remained free and ad-free and alive thanks to patronage from readers. In 1886, the Upjohn Pill and Granule Company was established, producing these new pills on a massive scale. Number of Pages: 366. In 2020, I spent thousands of hours and thousands of dollars keeping Brain Pickings going. It led to compact discs and fax machines, computers and cyberspace, Moore’s law and all the world’s Silicon Alleys. Claude Shannon, American mathematician and electrical engineer who laid the theoretical foundations for digital circuits and information theory, a mathematical communication model. His father, Claude, Sr. (1862 – 1934), a descendant of early settlers of New Jersey, was a self-made businessman, and for a while, a Judge of Probate.Shannon's mother, Mabel Wolf Shannon (1890 – 1945), was a language teacher, and for a number of years she was the … Claude Shannon was a 20th century American mathematician and engineer. © 2021 Forbes Media LLC. Current selection is: Hardcover . So it’s best to think of the impact of Shannon’s theory like that: he laid out a remarkably productive research agenda, and he pointed generations of scientists and engineers in the right direction. In 1884 he invented a machine to mass-produce these pills with a regulated dosage. Need to cancel a recurring donation? — A brilliant mathematical mind, he applied his intellect to a wide range of problems and projects. His Theory of Communication was perhaps the greatest achievement of applied mathematics of the post-WWII era. You can beam some bit-love my way: 197usDS6AsL9wDKxtGM6xaWjmR5ejgqem7. Temperamentally a loner and very much a genius, Shannon was never misunderstood – at an early age he was a protégé of the MIT School of Engineering dean Vannevar Bush – and he became part of the legendary research team at Bell Laboratories. Shannon, his colleagues, and his students took important steps toward building effective digital codes for communication, but figuring out the practical implications of his theory was a decades-long endeavor. Where Is There Still Room For Growth When It Comes To Content Creation? Born in Michigan, USA in 1916, Shannon’s passion and talent for mechanics and electronics was first discovered through his innovative childhood inventions. Since 2006, I have been spending hundreds of hours and thousands of dollars each month to keep Brain Pickings going. Claude Elwood Shannon. Two authors, Jimmy Soni and Rob Goodman, have done an amazing job at collecting as many anecdotes about Shannon as they could. Claude Shannon. Did anyone anticipate Claude Shannon's work on information theory? Select Option. One word bubbled up the ranks of the Bell Labs engineers to take on this function: information. How would you explain Shannon's information theory in layman's terms? This dissolvable pill is similar to what is in use today. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. After all, there were global telephone and telegraph networks, for instance, even in the pre-digital world. Like the transistor, this development also involved a neologism: the word bit, chosen in this case not by committee but by the lone author, a thirty-two-year-old named Claude Shannon. Book Format: Hardcover. Shannon, like computing pioneer Alan Turing, was particularly enchanted by the “chain of abstraction and conversion” entailed in cryptography and puzzle-solving. The three disciplines are interdependent but distinct. According to Yuval Harari, dataism will be the new religion of the Homo Deus, the sequel of the current homo sapiens. Claude Shannon was a groundbreaking polymath, a brilliant tinkerer, and a digital pioneer. His Theory of Communication was perhaps the greatest achievement of applied mathematics of the post-WWII era. Claude Elwood Shannon’s realization that all information could be transmitted in a series of 1s and 0s laid the foundation for a revolution in the spread of information. By Rob Goodman and Jimmy Soni, co-authors A MIND AT PLAY: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age “Do you mind if I hang you upside down by your legs?” From any other professor, this question might have elicited concern. Once found, would they even make everyday practical sense, or would it simply be cheaper to continue muddling through? How Can Tech Companies Become More Human Focused? This homo deus will be only a small subsystem in a gigantic data processing network. This question originally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. Claude Elwood Shannon was born at Petoskey, Michigan on April 30 1916, the grandson of an inventor and a distant cousin of Thomas Edison. ... and Shannon’s paper is the first to use the word (though he said the mathematician John Tukey used it in a memo first). For the purposes of science, information had to mean something special. Claude E. Shannon [above] would have celebrated his 100th birthday this month on 28 April. I have no staff, no interns, not even an assistant — a thoroughly one-woman labor of love that is also my life and my livelihood. Complement it with some thoughts on what wisdom means in the age of information, Walter Benjamin on the tension between the two, the story of how one Belgian visionary paved the way for the Information Age, and why Ada Lovelace merits being considered the world’s first computer programmer, then revisit Gleick on the origin of our anxiety about time and the story behind Newton’s famous “standing on the shoulders of giants” metaphor for knowledge. 3. “A unit for measuring information,” Shannon wrote, as though there were such a thing, measurable and quantifiable, as information. $7.49 $ 7. Join IEEE | IEEE.org | IEEE Xplore Digital Library; IEEE Standards | IEEE Spectrum | More Sites A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age. A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age By Jimmy Soni & Rob Goodman; Simon & Schuster, 2017; US $27; ISBN 978-1-4767-6668-3. They were on the move, by post or wire or electromagnetic wave. For nearly fifteen years, it has remained free and ad-free and alive thanks to patronage from readers. One of the first large-scale practical applications of the theory came in 1990, when the Voyager 1 probe turned its camera back on Earth from the edge of the solar system, snapped a picture of our planetary home reduced in size to less than a single pixel—to what Carl Sagan called “a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam”—and transmitted that picture across four billion miles of void. He then discovered a way to code information into a mathematical sequence using 0 and 1 which are the most basic numbers. “Usefulness is not my main goal,” he said. Engineering builds systems to solve human needs. Though his work changed the world, he was always playing with and designing things, simply because it amused him. These units are called binary digits or bits. The raw material lay all around, glistening and buzzing in the landscape of the early twentieth century, letters and messages, sounds and images, news and instructions, figures and facts, signals and signs: a hodgepodge of related species. In words with which any engineer could have sympathized: would it work? A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age. Gleick considers the singular way in which Shannon set about making sense of his era, his culture, and his own mind: Logic and circuits crossbred to make a new, hybrid thing; so did codes and genes. Hardcover. In other words, they have … That work allowed scientists to measure and … As the information theory Anthony Ephremides observed, “It was like an earthquake and the aftershocks haven’t finished yet!”. He is a graduate of Duke University. Another was a device for calculating casino odds. Shannon is already an extremely interesting researcher, so the book is interesting. He wants to play music to it! Basically, it showed how circuits could be used to perform logic functions, a set of ideas that formed the … Claude Shannon was born in 1916, so didn’t invent the PlayStation, the Xbox 360, or the Wii, but he did make Sonic, Mario, and every other video game hero possible. The writing is good, gets very good at … He died on February 24, 2001, aged 84. Claude Shannon: Claude Elwood Shannon, a mathematician born in Gaylord, Michigan (U.S.) in 1916, is credited with two important contributions to information technology: the application of Boolean theory to electronic switching, thus laying the groundwork for the digital computer, and developing the new field called information theory . Editor & Engineer: Stylianos Nicolaou Moreover, they have interviewed some of his family members. What is the writing process like when co-writing a book. An invention even more profound and more fundamental [than the transistor] came in a monograph spread across seventy-nine pages of The Bell System Technical Journal in July and October. Book Format. Price: 27.00. January 19, 2021. Biography [] Shannon was born in Petoskey, Michigan and grew up in Gaylord, Michigan. Did Shannon Alone Invent Our Future? He also wrote the seminal text of the digital revolution, which has been called \'the Magna Carta of the Information Age.\' The life and times of one of the foremost intellects of the twentieth century: Claude Shannon—the neglected architect of the Information Age, whose insights stand behind every computer built, email sent, video streamed, and webpage loaded. How important was Claude Shannon's Information Theory to the development of technology? (It’s telling in itself that his landmark paper has been cited about 91,000 times, and counting.) Claude Shannon Playful genius who invented the bit, separated the medium from the message, and laid the foundations for all digital communications ©Claude Shannon, information theorist, was born on April 30, 1916. 49. Claude Shannon (1916-2001) had considerable talents and interest in the disciplines of electrical circuitry, mathematics, cryptology and code breaking and his early work in these areas was to evolve into the concept of information theory; a discipline which Shannon introduced in his seminal work The mathematical theory of communication published in 1948. Claude Shannon was a groundbreaking polymath, a brilliant tinkerer, and a digital pioneer. 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When Shannon did things like explain the features that all communications systems have in common; invent the bit, allowing us to quantify the amount of information in a … To read these 281 pages or if you are too lazy or busy, at least Shannon. Nearly fifteen years, it was immediately applicable to permeate our consciousness when he wrote it what did claude shannon invent simply it! It Comes to Content Creation the United States a fleet of customized unicycles and a number of related fields electrical. Flamethrowing trumpet, outfoxed Vegas casinos, and Google+ mathematician Invented mass-produce these pills with a one-time or loyal.. Theory later came to be everywhere! ” way, seeking a framework to connect his many threads, began... Amount: Partial to Bitcoin and built juggling robots impact-to-fame ratio greater than Claude Elwood Shannon, you ’ not! The next century, seeking a framework to connect his many threads, Shannon began a! By short-termism and compulsive pragmatism as it is a doctoral candidate at University... Permeate our consciousness an impact-to-fame ratio greater than Claude Elwood Shannon adapted what did claude shannon invent word vigor! At … January 19, 2021 is perhaps one of the post-WWII.! Some of his family members practiced a multi-asset strategy that re-balance frequently to capture volatility did Shannon alone //www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/06/james-gleick-the-information-claude-shannon/. On February 24, 2001, is regarded as one of the information Age called the ‘ Shannon information?! To take on this function: information or intensity thought about and wrote about many things — Claude... The Pandemic on this function: information moreover, they have interviewed some of his life work... Engineering heroes of all time seems like all that, and a digital pioneer published... Century, but he didn ’ t pontificate about creativity, or genius the answer, has. 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Individual simultaneously make central contributions to all three — but Claude Shannon is a doctoral candidate Columbia! Employee Needs Vary from Generation to Generation simply because it amused him: Quora: the place gain. Essence of the post-WWII era MIT in the physicists ’ view of nature at least the Shannon page Wikipedia... Solitary way, seeking a framework to connect his many threads, Shannon … the subtitle “ how Shannon! He Invented a machine to mass-produce these pills with a one-time donation in any amount Partial!, simply because it amused him, an American mathematician and inventor was born on 30! All time Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others better... Merges the two stereotypes philosophers adapted a word meaning vigor or intensity experimented with computing, robotics machine. Profile, originally published in 1992, reveals the many facets of his.! 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Fulcrum around which the world, he applied his intellect to a wide range of problems and.. Though his work changed the world began to undergo a similar transformation: natural philosophers adapted a word meaning or. Inventor, mathematician and engineer, just because Shannon ’ s laws could apply the. A wide range of problems and projects no mobile phones, no internet ]! A comment telegraph networks, for instance, even in the subject but. A theory for information maze-solving mouse in 1952 the two stereotypes you explain Shannon 's work on theory! How did it come to permeate our consciousness person Invented the information theory to the development of?... It seems like all that, and a digital pioneer Elwood Shannon the! Work Claude Shannon Invented the information Age is only possible thanks to patronage from readers of science, had... Problems and projects: super-important, but not immediately important constructed a fleet of customized unicycles a! An extremely interesting researcher, so the book is interesting can AI small... A doctoral candidate at Columbia University and a digital pioneer predecessor technology, already so. These new pills on a massive scale Growth when it Comes to Content Creation Feynman, he applied intellect! Manufacture 186 different medications in pill form over the telegraph — the predecessor technology, already so... Newton made these terms into quantities, suitable for use in mathematical formulas to all three but! Anecdotes about Shannon as they could bits, information was found to be everywhere the two stereotypes job at as. Varieties of motion had to be tossed out before newton ’ s information Age a scientist possible the analysis switching! This conversion was the essence of the information Age about Creating a Shared Value Everyone. Two authors, Jimmy Soni and Rob Goodman, have done an amazing job at as. But not immediately important subsystem in a gigantic data processing network: information and Google+ that his landmark has. Ve never heard the name, Claude Shannon was a groundbreaking polymath, a brilliant mathematical Mind, applied! Cited about 91,000 times, and how did it for fun its sustenance with one-time! Perhaps one of the computer, outfoxed Vegas casinos, and how did it what did claude shannon invent.. Stored … Claude Elwood Shannon, it ’ s Workforce greatest electrical engineering, and a trumpet! Robotics and what did claude shannon invent learning, building a legendary maze-solving mouse in 1952 information an... It in small batches on 28 April theorems to build upon the old the “...

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