Senate definition, an assembly or council of citizens having the highest deliberative functions in a government, especially a legislative assembly of a state or nation. Senate definition: The Senate is the smaller and more important of the two parts of the parliament in some... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples From 1831 to 1833 he was a Democratic member of the United States Senate, in which he advocated a compromise tariff and strongly supported Jackson's position in regard to nullification. 5. The only vote which he had ever cast for a presidential candidate was in 1856 for James .Buchanan; and leading Democrats, so late as by Grant, but a treaty negotiated with this end in view failed to obtain the requisite two-thirds vote in the Senate. The choice was left to the senate, who unanimously selected Valerian (afterwards emperor). Lawrence|St Lawrence county in 1820, and was successively a member of the state Senate in 1824-1826, a member of the national House of Representatives in 1827-1829, comptroller of the state in 1829-1833, U.S. senator in 1833-1844, and governor of New York in 18 441846. One of the chief objects of the emperors being to weaken the influence of the senate by the opposition of the equestrian order, the practice was adopted of elevating those equites who had reached a certain stage in their career to the rank of senator by adlectio. The Academical Senate of a Czech public university is its self-governance representative body. With other disclosures regarding German machinations against the United States it materially contributed to rouse American national feeling, which found expression in the decisive votes of the Senate and the House of Representatives on April 5 in favour of declaring war upon Germany. 2 The province or provinces named are those out of which the de seven years, by a majority of votes, by the Senate and Chamber of Deputies sitting together as the National Assembly. After abolishing the cabinet council system in favour during the rule of the two Annes, and reconstituting the senate as it had been under Peter the Great, - with the chiefs of the departments of state, all of them now Russians again, as ex-officio members under the presidency of the sovereign, - the first care of the new empress was to compose her quarrel with Sweden. He was Assistant Secretary of State, 1905-9, and then for a short time was Secretary of State, succeeding Elihu Root on the latter's election to the Senate. It is governed by a board of twelve regents, of whom the president of the university, the governor of the state and the state superintendent of public instruction are members ex officio, and the other nine, holding office for six years, are appointed by .the governor with the advice and consent of the senate. He had lost his hold upon Pennsylvania and his support in the house, while a cabal in the senate, bitterly and personally hostile to the treasury, crippled the administration and reduced every government measure to mere inanity. A senator must be at least 25 years of age. He received the grand cordon of the Legion of Honour, became grand-almoner of the empire and had a seat in the French senate. These arguments, reinforced by those of the royalist agent de Vitrolles, convinced the tsar; and Talleyrand, on the 1st of April, convened the French senate (only 64 members out of 1 4 0 attended), and that body pronounced that Napoleon had forfeited the crown. The senate resolved to accept the President's proposals: 21. in spite of the remonstrance of the pagan members of the senate, and confiscated its revenues; forbade legacies of real property to the Vestals; and abolished other privileges belonging to them and to the pontiffs. It comprises one-third of the representation in the House of Representatives, and perhaps a still larger proportion in the Senate. He restored discipline in the army, which under Vitellius had become utterly demoralized, and, with the co-operation of the senate, put the government and the finances on a sound footing. He filled vacancies in the senate with men of low birth,, in some cases even the sons of freedmen (Diod. US Senate Working to Cut Sentences, Lower Prison Population. The remaining years of Innocent's life were taken up by a quarrel with the Roman commune, which had set up an independent senate, and one with King Louis VII. His favourite pursuits were scientific, and his authority on all questions of practical science was referred to by the senate of Venice. The senate voted narrowly to continue funding the scheme: 19. In 50 he was censor, and expelled many of the members of the senate, amongst them the historian Sallust on the ground of immorality. CATHERINA ROMANOVNA VORONTSOV, DASHKOV Princess (1744-1810), Russian litterateur, was the third daughter of Count Roman Vorontsov, a member of the Russian senate, distinguished for his intellectual gifts. In 1032 be was obliged to act in concert with a senate, called pregadi; and in 1172 the grand council, which became the real sovereign of the state, was formed. The Senate would choose its own president, and the House of Representatives its speaker; each house would make its own rules of procedure; in each, one-third of the number of members would form a quorum; the members of each must take oath, or make affirmation of allegiance; and all alike would receive an allowance of £400 a year. The constitution was accepted by Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania by popular acclamation, but in New South Wales very great opposition was shown, the main points of objection being the financial provisions, equal representation in the Senate, and the difficulty in the way of the larger states securing an amendment of the constitution in the event of a conflict with the smaller states. The victory seems to have been due mainly to the admirable discipline and fighting qualities of the soldiers, and he obtained the honour of a triumph only after the decree of the senate against it had been overborne by popular clamour. Under Tiberius the Druids were suppressed by a decree of the senate, but this had to be renewed by Claudius in A.D. Anyway, he expired two days later in the guardhouse of the citadel of St Petersburg, two days after the senate had condemned him to death for imagining rebellion against his father, and for hoping for the co-operation of the common people and the armed intervention of his brother-in-law, the emperor. Each legislature elected two senators to the United States Senate, which, having a Republican majority, seated the Republicans. He was a member of the Missouri Constitutional Convention of 1820, and was elected to the state House of Representatives in 1820 and to the state Senate in 1822, serving one term in each house. The governor appoints, subject to the consent of a majority of the members elected to the Senate, all officers whose appointment or election is. The status of the Isle of Pines was left an open question by the treaty of Paris, but a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States has declared it (in a question of customs duties) to be a part of Cuba, and though a treaty to the same end did not secure ratification (1908) by the United States Senate, repeated efforts by American residents thereon to secure annexation to the United States were ignored by the United States government. In 70, being expelled from the senate with a number of others for immorality, he joined Catiline. In advising Pliny about the different free communities in the provinces, Trajan showed the same regard for traditional rights and privileges which he had exhibited in face of the senate at Rome. In the region of foreign affairs it was in communication with envoys abroad, and its orders would override those of the senate. The judges of the Bremen courts are appointed by a committee of members of the senate, the Burgerschaft and the bench of judges. The president of the senate, Dr Vidal, nominally administered the government for two years, when General Santos, who had held the real power, became president: His administration was so vicious and tyrannical that the opposition organized a revolution. ACTA SENATUS, Or Commentarii Senatus, minutes of the discussions and decisions of the Roman senate. 25 examples: In this sample, 65 elections were decided by majority votes in the state house and state senate, and 48 elections were decided in joint session. The senate and the tribunate each appointed a commission to deal with the matter, with the result which every one foresaw. After the restoration of the temple the senate sent ambassadors in 76 to Erythrae to collect the oracles afresh and they brought back about 1000 verses; others were collected in Ilium, Samos, Sicily, Italy and Africa. Thereupon he entered the Senate, where his activity was unabated. While there are 100 seats in the Senate (two senators from each state), there are 435 seats in the House of Representatives (one representative from each of the various congressional districts, with the number of congressional districts in each state determined by the population). About this time the influence of the equestrian order reached its height, and Cicero's great object was to reconcile it with the senate. The members of the Senate are elected for life by the House of Burgesses; but a senator is free to retire from office at the expiry of six years. It has four members in the Canadian Senate and ten in the House of Commons. To obtain the support of the capitalists, Gaius Gracchus conceived the plan of creating friction between them and the senate, which he carried out by handing over to them the control (a) of the jury-courts, and (b) of the revenues of Asia. The first symptom of this lawlessness was the separation of Poland and Lithuania, the Lithuanians proceeding to elect Alexander, Casimir's fourth son, as their grand-duke, without even consulting the Polish senate, in flagrant violation of the union of Horodlo. 25 examples: In this sample, 65 elections were decided by majority votes in the state house… He returned to America in 1855, was a member of the state Senate in 1856-1857, and from 1857 to 1861 was a Democratic representative in Congress. All Rights Reserved. It was the initiatory body; and it lay with the Collegio to send matters for deliberation either before the senate or before the Ten. Parliament consists of two chambers, the senate and the Chamber of Deputies, which are nominally on an equal footing, though practically the elective chamber ~s the more important. Senate in a sentence. Isaac Roosevelt was a member of the Provincial Congress in 1775-77 and of the state Senate in 1777-86 and in 1788-92; in the state Assembly were James Roosevelt (1796-97), Cornelius C. Roosevelt (2803), James I. Of these, the Chamber of Deputies, as the more fully representative of the popular will, possesses greater powers, being enabled in certain cases to carry through its legislation in face of the opposition of the Senate. Share via Email. In November 1898 he was elected president of the senate, and in June 1900 succeeded in forming a "Cabinet of pacification" after the Obstructionist crisis which had caused the downfall of General Pelloux. sharptoothed 681996 Tom was elected to the Senate in 2008. He died in 43 while on a mission from the senate to Antony at Mutina. The bill provides that the Department of Corrections shall convene in due course a work group to study the impact of the sentence credit amendments set forth in the act. The Senate is composed (1910) of thirty members, chosen from fifteen districts for a term of four years, but one half the membership retires biennially. Here are some examples. Early in January 1813 the senate promised that 350,000 conscripts should be enrolled; but 150,000 of them were under twenty years of age, and mobile columns had to be used to sweep in the recruits, especially in Brittany, the Netherlands and the newly annexed lands of North Germany. Caecilius Metellus Numidicus, who, when censor, endeavoured to remove Saturninus from the senate on the ground of immorality, but his colleague refused to assent. During this period of diplomatic work he acquired an exceptional knowledge of the affairs of Europe, and in particular of Germany, and displayed great tact and temper in dealing with the Swedish senate, with Queen Ulrica, with the king of Denmark and Frederick William I. The county and the city were named in honour of Edward Dickinson Baker (1811-1861), a political leader, orator and soldier, who was born in London, England, was taken to the United States in 1815, was a representative in Congress from Illinois in 1845-1846and 1849-1851, served in the Mexican War as a colonel (1846-1847), became a prominent lawyer in California and later in Oregon, was a Republican member of the United States Senate in 1860-1861 and was killed at Ball's Bluff, Virginia, on the 21st of October in r 861, while serving as a colonel in the Federal army. After years as a community organiser, he ran for a seat at the California State Senate, later becoming that body's president pro tempore. It's difficult to see president of the senate in a sentence . He joined the army as brigadier-general of militia in June 1778,, and served in the New York Senate in 1777-1781 and 1784-1790. In theory, Senate Democrats could change the cloture rule—and, with it, the need for 60 votes. Under the constitution of 1890 the governor, with the consent of the senate, appoints supreme court judges for a term of nine years, and circuit and chancery judges for four years. 3) Voters are selecting candidates for both US, 8) They simply threatened to filibuster until the, 15) The House of Representatives is larger than the, 17) The agreement is subject to ratification by the, 19) McConnell beat off a challenge for his, 24) The democrats organize a filibuster in the, 25) The Republicans held a slim majority in the, 27) The child-care bill is to be tacked on to the budget plan now being worked out in the, 28) The bill was supported by a large majority in the, 29) He had filibustered for 23 hours without leaving the, 30) They feel deeply the honour of belonging to the, 3) The child-care bill is to be tacked on to the budget plan now being worked out in the, 4) Voters are selecting candidates for both US, 5) The bill was supported by a large majority in the, 9) The democrats organize a filibuster in the, 10) They feel deeply the honour of belonging to the, 11) The proposal was approved by both the House and the, 12) These businessmen have been lobbying a bill through the. 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